As a landlord you will find yourself in a position where you need to employ an electrician to carry out work on your rented properties. Conrad Pope are able to provide landlord certificates – EICR (electrical installation condition reports). Please contact us for more information.
This short guide is intended to provide you and your tenants with useful and up-to-date advice on electrical safety and energy saving tips in domestic properties.
This will give you and your tenants greater peace of mind, confidence and reassurances that the properties you let have the highest standards of electrical safety. If any potential defects, repairs or maintenance on the electrical installation within a domestic property are identified and you need to put it right, always use an NICEIC or ELECSA registered electrician.
CURRENT LEGAL REQUIREMENTS
ELECTRICAL SAFETY REGULATIONS
Landlord and tenant
It is important that you are aware of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 which requires that the electrical installation in a property is:
- Safe when the tenancy begins and
- Maintained in a safe condition throughout the tenancy
The act makes it an implied term of every tenancy that the landlord will keep in repair and proper working order the electrical installations in the dwelling. The landlord cannot make the tenant responsible for these repairs.
To ensure these requirements are met, it is recommended that the landlord has a full electrical inspection and test completed by and NICEIC or ELECSA electrician at least every 5 years or at each change of occupancy. In addition regular visual checks of the electrics should be carried out.
England and Wales
A key electrical safety law, often referred to as Part P of the Building Regulations, aims to improve electrical safety in the home and prevent the number of electric shocks and accidents, which are caused by faulty electrical work. Part P, which only applies to England and Wales, requires an electrical installation to be safe and one route is to use an electrician registered with a government-approved scheme (such as NICEIC and ELECSA) to carry out notifiable electrical work in domestic dwellings.
After completion of any work electricians will issue their clients with a Building Regulations compliance certificate to prove it meets the required standards of Part P. Householders can only carry out electrical work themselves if they are able to inspect and test the work so it is safe. To comply with the law, householders must notify their local building control of office before they begin any work and pay the appropriate fee for building control of officers to inspect the work.
Most electrical installation work undertaken after 1st January 2005 should have appropriate certificates. Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
The purpose of the Regulations, which came into force on 1st April 1990, is to require precautions to be taken against the risk of death or personal injury from electricity in work activities. The Regulations are made under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, which imposes duties on employers, the self-employed and on employees (all referred to as ‘dutyholders’) in respect of systems, electrical equipment and conductors, and in respect of work activities on or near electrical equipment.
Note: Fixed installations and wiring in rental properties should undergo a full periodic inspection every five years or upon change of tenancy. PAT testing is recommended to be carried out yearly or upon change of tenancy.
If you let property you must ensure that the electrical system and all appliances supplied are safe. Failure to comply with the Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994 and the The Consumer Protection Act 1987 is a criminal offence and may result in:
- A Fine Of £5000 Per Item Not Complying
- Six Months Imprisonment
- Possible Manslaughter Charges In The Event Of Deaths
- The Tenant May Also Sue You For Civil Damages
- Your Property Insurance May Be Invalidated
Read more about Periodic Inspection Reports.
Portable Appliance Testing (PAT)
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 require that any electrical equipment that has the potential to cause injury is maintained in a safe condition.
The frequency of inspection and testing depends upon the type of equipment and the environment it is used in. For example, a power tool used on a construction site should be examined more frequently than a lamp in a hotel bedroom
The person doing testing work needs to competent to do it. In many low-risk environments, a sensible (competent) member of staff can undertake visual inspections if they have enough knowledge and training. However, when undertaking combined inspection and testing, a greater level of knowledge and experience is needed, and the person will need:
- The right equipment to do the tests
- The ability to use this test equipment properly.
- The ability to properly understand the test results